A Few Tips On Raising Your Puppy

A few tips on raising your new puppy

It’s a fact that during the lockdown period 1000’s of new puppies were welcomed into homes up and down the country.  So here at Cardiff Scamps and Champs we’ve put together a few tips to help get your pup off to a flying start.

Vets

As you will no doubt be aware, there have been restrictions on vets  during the pandemic, meaning that by law they have only been able to  deal with emergencies.  However, things are slowly returning to normal  and hopefully they will be back to doing all the ordinary things as  well as the emergency stuff. If you have not already done so, it is  imperative that you get your puppy registered, health checked and all  vaccines sorted. Give your vet a ring today and get them booked in.  Your vet will give you good advice on worming, de-fleeing and lots of  other issues.

Food

Puppies have specific nutritional needs in order to fuel good growth  and development, and this means they require a good balanced diet.   Puppies generally come in a great variety of sizes from the teeny tiny  to the “looks full grown” variety, so be sure to thoroughly check all  the ingredients on the various ranges of puppy foods on the market,  and make sure your pup is eating a food designed for their body size  and shape and the body size and shape they will quickly grow into – if  in doubt, your vet may be able to give you some information.

Toys & teething

If you have been on the receiving end, you will realise your puppy has  needle-sharp little teeth, but these will soon be replaced by adult  teeth that can shred your best shoes or furniture in seconds. When  teething, pups will chew just about anything so it may just save you a  small fortune if you think ahead and get them some well made chew toys  or appropriate chewing treats.  Now will also be a good time to think  of their oral hygiene, as tooth decay and gum disease can cause  serious health issues, especially if your pup has heart problems, and  may leave you with a hefty vet bill.  So talk to your vet about  getting a suitable toothpaste and brush and get your little one used  to a daily brushing routine.

Socialisation

Everyone panics about getting their puppy socialised but unless your  pup has had all of its full range of vaccinations, it will need to be  kept separate from other dogs to prevent serious diseases from being  picked up. Once vaccinations are completed, start getting your pup out  to meet others, whether at a puppy party or just meeting other peoples  pups – always be aware that your pup is still a baby and though they  jump and bounce about in a cute way, this may not always be  appreciated by other dogs, so make sure your pups meetings are always  safe. Dogs are pack animals and they will love making friends, but  they may not yet have learned the variety of signs, signals and social  behaviour necessary, so never let them to run up to other dogs, and  always be able to get them out of harms way if necessary.

Training

There is no time like the present to start with the “not on the couch”  and “bedtime” commands, and then progress slowly to more complicated  stuff like “sit”, “stay” and the recall routine. Take your time,  remember that all pups will learn at different rates just like we do.  Always be kind and gentle and always reward your pup when it completes  the desired behaviour.  You could join a puppy training class as this  will also aid with your pup’s socialisation skills. When your pup has  learned the good behaviour and acquired new skills,  keep that going,  because they’ll soon be teenagers and will behave like it – and that’s  a whole other experience!

Separation

If your puppy arrived during lockdown they’ll think that you being at  home all day is how the world is. So, you going back to work will not  only disrupt their regular routine but could create separation  anxiety.  If you’re in work all day and are not lucky enough to have a  job where you can nip back home, then give serious consideration to  getting someone in to break the day up for your pup. It will allow  them to get a much needed drink and something to eat and continue with  their toilet routine. It will also provide a chance to stretch their  little legs with a short walk or some good quality playtime.  It is  imperative that you do not leave your pup alone for long hours, as  this will lead to unavoidable soiling and cause serious issues with  ongoing training leading to stress and potential behavioural problems  that may take a long time to settle.

Here at Scamps and Champs Cardiff, we know the importance of raising  and training your puppy to become a happy and well balanced adult. 

We  offer specialised puppy packages, puppy visits and puppy day care to  help you return to work with confidence in the knowledge that your pup  is being cared for, and receiving ongoing training and enrichment in a  safe environment.

We are Fully Insured, Police Cleared and Licensed. We are also open 7  days per week – 10% discounts and other benefits available as a  welcome to our services.

SCAMPS AND CHAMPS ARE PROUD TO ANNOUNCE THAT WE ARE NOW OFFERING A  FULL RANGE OF ORGANIC AND SPECIALISED DRY AND SEMI MOIST FOODS FOR  PUPS/KITTENS THROUGH TO ADULTS – please enquire at: Tel: 0333 200 5827 Email : cardiff@scampsandchamps.co.uk

The Truth About Puppies – They Steal Your Heart And Drive You Mad

The Truth About Puppies - Scamps & Champs

Having a new puppy, particularly if
you’re a first time fur parent is so exciting.  Your puppy is the cutest little
fluff ball on the planet and there is nothing you wouldn’t do, and nothing you
wouldn’t buy for your little bundle of delight. And boy are there plenty of
things to buy; the best fluffy beds, top of the range food and drink bowls,
toys, chews, some people even like to dress their pets in little outfits, and
now this little bundle of fluff has stolen your heart It’s all fun fun fun –
isn’t it?

Or do you feel that it might have
been easier if your puppy had come with a warning  “will chew your shoes, rip
your belongings, wail loudly all night long or screech for hours every time you
go out”. 

And why did no one tell you that you
would soon be wondering how something so small could make so much noise and
mess, behave like its being murdered each time you try to take it out to
toilet, and then produce enough poo and pee to sink a battleship when after
what felt like hours in the freezing cold, defeated and deflated, you bring it
back indoors, or how it can wriggle backwards at the speed of light when you
try to attach collar and leash to go for a walk.

And what happened to all those who
promised to always walk the pup for ever and ever if only you would let them
have him/her?  The family who said they would take turns to feed and walk
the pup?  

Well you are not alone ….

I remember when one of my pup first
arrived, I soon learned that initial excitement can quickly give way to
frustration, I can clearly remember being so delighted that my boy Beau had
learned to get upstairs all by himself that I squealed with delight – I
squealed again  some days later when I went upstairs and found the huge
brown pool of diarrhoea that spread all across my beautiful mint green carpet.

And believe me when I tell you that
there is not an alarm clock on the planet that gets you out of bed faster than
being woken from a deep sleep by the sound of a retching puppy, only for you to
step into a pool of slimy frothy vomit – how did all of that come out of
something so small?

So whether its your first or your
fifth, each pup is as different and individual as we are, so the chances are
that the new puppy journey you have just embarked upon will have much to teach
you.

To begin with think of your pup as a
toddler who has no concept of right or wrong and you are the parent who has to
teach them everything from potty training, walking on a leash, socialising and
being well mannered – seems daunting at first doesn’t it?  

As puppyhood is the most important
time for learning, I’d like to share a few tips that helped me with my pups and
may help you in those first few months together.

IN GENERAL

Always try to have a calm but
assertive approach when you’re when dealing with your pup, the aim is to
provide positive, gentle and reward based training.  Don’t get upset if
your pup doesn’t “get it” straight away or if he/she does something
wrong or has a little accident now and then.

Though there will be times when you
may feel convinced that he/she is doing it deliberately to get on your nerves –
believe me they really don’t know any better at this stage so be patient
 as it takes time. 

A crate can be an invaluable tool
particularly when potty training as it provides your pup with a secure area
whilst you are busy.  If your pup is reluctant to go in  at first,
 persuade him/her by using a Kong with some natural peanut butter, (but
make sure it doesn’t contain xylitol as this is a sweetener that is dangerous
to dogs). Always praise your pup when it gets something right or does something
you asked it to do. Don’t, however, leave your pup in the crate for too long as
this can cause other issues.

A baby gate will also help to keep
your pup out of areas that may be dangerous or simply “off limits”, this will teach
your pup what areas he/she is allowed to go into or not, and will help provide
a safe area for your pup to play in.

If your pup cries all night – I
won’t lie, I never had this problem because I always took my babies upstairs
and they slept in my room until they decided to go elsewhere to sleep.  I
know this is not an option for everyone and I’ve heard of lots of different
things to try, old fashioned alarm clocks have a soothing ticking sound that is
said to help the puppy sleep.  An old piece of  your unwashed
clothing to snuggle into or a teddy bear to cuddle with – it really is all
trial and error.  Your pup will sleep when it feels safe, warm and
protected – its for you to find that place so that you can all get some sleep.

Teach your pup the command “eyes on
me” this is a great way of getting your dogs attention during training
especially if they are easily distracted by other things around them in the big
outside world.

Also teaching your pup to “go to
your mat” is a good way to prevent them from running and barking in a frenzy
every time someone arrives at the front door and will save you from receiving
those embarrassing postcards from the post office telling you that your dogs
behaviour is upsetting the postman – yes I’ve had them!

Do avoid giving in to things now
that will lead to problem behaviour later on, no matter how cute that little
face is. For example don’t let your pup jump up at people when they visit.
Though this seems so cute now, once the dog is grown it may not be so acceptable
– I have lost count of the times I have been knocked into someones flower bed
by an overexcited dog running out and jumping up to greet me.

Always make sure to distract your
dog with something acceptable like a toy or a treat when you want to change
their behaviour instead of just telling them off when they get it wrong.

Enrolling into a puppy training or
obedience group is a great idea,  but make sure to attend a proper class
where all the other dogs are up to date with their vaccinations.  It’s
never too early to start training as it provides both mental and physical
stimulation. It will not only help them to learn some manners but also help
them to socialise with other dogs and help prevent difficult or dangerous
situations from developing in the future. 

Training with your pup will help you
develop a firm bond and provide you with a better understanding of what
motivates him/her so that you can continue training accordingly.  Puppies
just want to please you so this is a golden opportunity for you to show them
how. Always be consistent and always be gentle, there is no place or excuse for
any negative behaviour towards your pup.  They will take time to learn,
they will make mistakes, and if they are anything like my boy Beau, they will
embarrass you further by cocking a leg and peeing over the pup next to them.

CHEWING 

I get asked a lot about unwanted
behaviours such as chewing and barking, and I’ve had a lot of personal
experience of both  behaviours with my girl Lola.  In  just one
day she chewed my handbag to pieces, chewed the door frame and ate my husband’s
library book so I know how frustrating it can be.  

There are lots of reasons why dogs
chew but if a pup or very young dog is into this, its a strong indication that
they are teething.  

A good way of coping with this is to
use a Kong or something similar and place some frozen peanut butter or other
goodie into it and give that to the dog or simply buy toys and ropes of various
textures so that your pup can chew on these – a word of warning, don’t buy shoe
shaped chews, you know where it will lead to.  

If it has happened and you are quick
enough to intercept your pup as it makes off with one of your best shoes, then
simply offer an alternative or a treat, once the pup drops the shoe say “good
boy/girl” in a very excited voice (or at least a relieved voice), your pup will
soon get the idea but you must be consistent. 

If your handbag or best shoe does
fall casualty to your babies toofy pegs then you will have to write it off and
learn your lesson that nothing is off limits to a teething pup unless you make
it so.

On the subject of teeth, a good habit to start at this stage is that of cleaning your babies teeth, do ask your vet for advice and use the smallest brush (not a human toothbrush) to begin with.  Tooth decay can cause a lot of medical problems particularly if you have a pup with a heart murmur as the decaying matter can make its way into the bloodstream and cause serious issues . A yearly check up saves a lot of problems including a massive vet bill for tooth removal.

BARKING

Is there anything worse than a dog
that won’t stop barking?  Well yes I can think of a few, but constant barking
can drive the most loving pet owner up the wall.

Again, there are any number of
reasons why dogs bark and not all of them are negative, remember this is also
the sound of the dogs own language.  It’s the way the dog communicates
with others of its species or tells you when it wants something.  It can
also be an indication of fear, frustration or excitement as well as aggression
or warning. 

How to deal with it?

Pups usually bark because they want
something, are excited or simply because they have just found their voice and
quite like the sound of it – after all its new to them.  

At this point its a good idea to try
some distraction tactics by engaging the pup with something else or by taking
them for a short walk provided they are fully inoculated.

 If the pup is barking because
someone or something new has arrived in front of them, it could be an
indication of fear. The pup will look to you for security so stay calm and tell
them that’s its okay and provide them with comfort.  

Always seek to reassure the pup
until you can ascertain what has caused the barking – remember how you deal
with this now sets the scene for the future.  Never ever shout at the pup
because this will only make matters worse and could create issues that prove
difficult to deal with in the future.

Socialisation and training are key here, introduce your pup to many different situations, places and people as possible.  People with glasses, hats, beards, tall people, short people and loud people, children and other dogs – though always supervise the latter two carefully and never leave a tiny pup alone with small children until they have learned to handle the pup with respect and gentleness.  Always have treats on hand to reward your pup in new circumstances and never be afraid to tell other dog owners to back off if their dog gets a bit rough or overexcited with your pup.

How do I stop my dog barking
How to stop your dog barking

POTTY TRAINING

This is a biggie for a lot of new
puppy owners, here are a few tips that helped me stay sane not only with pups
but also with adult rescue dogs i’ve adopted who weren’t potty trained.

Firstly, be prepared for accidents,
your pup will get it wrong and so will you.  

The pup is not out to make your life
a misery but do try to see things from their point of view some of the time –
would you really like to go pee pee in the freezing cold dark night or when its
lashing down with rain?  You will get stressed, the pup will get stressed
and the moment you step back indoors the pup will pee !!

Choose a particular area where you
want your pup to toilet and take the pup out on a regular basis, particularly
after meals  and before bed time. 

In the first few months, and if your
pup is small enough, carry it to the designated area so that it gets the
message that this is where you want it to toilet, reinforce this by saying
something like “wee wee” so that your pup associates the place and
the words with the action.

Use positive reinforcement, so that
each time your pup does a pee or poo say “good boy/girl” in an excited tone of
voice and provide a treat.  The pup will soon learn that it will be
rewarded each time it goes to that place to pee or poo.

If your pup has an accident  –
and it will – ignore this, clean it up and say nothing. Use a disinfectant that
removes the smell as well as cleans or your pup will keep going to toilet
there. Pets at Home have several good brands that will remove the odour and
disinfect the floor. 

Never hit, shout or rub the pups
nose in the mess – this is abuse and serves no purpose other than to terrify
the pup and delay or prevent the training.

Remember it really is on you if your
pup keeps going to toilet in the house and you need to increase your pups trips
outside, never scold the pup for your mistakes.

If your pup is very slow to toilet
train or continually relapses, seek advice from your vet and get your pup
examined in case there is an underlying infection or problem.  

In the meantime, you can get (human)
adult size disposable incontinence sheets from Amazon, that you can put down on
the floor – they saved my sanity during some difficult times with my rescue
dogs.

When out walking in public areas, always pick up after your dog, it is an offence not to do so and you can be fined.

MORE GENERAL INFORMATION

Puppies need lots of naps, its
essential for them to grow so don’t be surprised at how much they nap.

Exercise your pup, but not too much
too soon and only take them outside once they are fully inoculated, seek
guidance from your vet if you are unsure.

Initially avoid taking your little
pup into big shops or places where lots of other dogs go, parvovirus, other
diseases and parasites can last a long time in areas that are not properly cleaned
or where people have not picked up after their adult dogs.

Try to get your pup used to being
handled, particularly around their face, feet, legs etc as this will help the
pup cope with being handled on future visits to the vet and the groomer.
 Always handle with care and gentleness and never allow children to “play”
with your pup – remember they are only babies .

Get your pup used to travelling by
car as soon as you can, this will help them with any travel sickness issues.

Ensure that everything your pup
needs, such as beds and feeding bowls are in low traffic or quieter areas of
the home so that they are not disturbed by lots of noise or people coming in
and out.

SEPARATION ANXIETY

Does your pup cry, whine or bark
excessively when you leave the room or the house for any length of time, or
destroy and chew things up when you are not there?

This could well be separation
anxiety.  

Before your pup came to you it lived
with its mum and siblings and there was always someone to go to for comfort,
food or whatever.

Now this beautiful pup has left its
family behind and lives with you and your family, your pup doesn’t understand
everything in this strange new environment.

You can’t be with your pup all of
the time, you have to go out for whatever reason and the pup can’t always go
with you. Now for some pups this is no issue as they will use this time to
catch up on much needed sleep. However, for others this will become a time of
distress and worry that, if not addressed, can escalate to the point where the
young dog damages its home or itself.

Separation anxiety is a complex
situation that can require the advice and help of a suitably qualified person
and in extreme situations may never be fully resolved.  Unfortunately,
many dogs who suffer from this often find themselves put up for adoption or
simply abandoned. 

The treatment of separation anxiety
requires a consistent approach and can initially feel distressing. 

You may need to start with placing
distance between you and the pup or young dog in order to reduce its dependancy
upon you.  

By simply ignoring your pup just
prior to departure and again on return some cases can correct themselves
without further intervention.   

However, some cases are more
difficult to deal with because the pup is very needy and its relationship with
you creates real distress when you are not there and the pup is left
alone. 

In such cases you may need to lessen
the bond with the pup by cooling the overall relationship, stroking less or
getting someone else to feed  or take on things like walking and visits to
the vet so that the pup gets used to other people in its life. 

Crating the pup may help to a
certain extent but this should always be a short term solution. 

Providing sufficient exercise
throughout the day coupled with obedience training and mock departures to help
desensitise or diffuse the situation may also help to calm the pup. 

Providing an alternative stimulus such
as leaving the television on or providing an acceptable object to chew can also
help the pup to remain calm when you are  out, if all else fails the dog
may require medical intervention, but that should always be a last resort.

Doggie day care in an environment
with a limited amount of other dogs is another way of dealing with long term
issues as the pup or young dog gets one to one attention but also has the
opportunity to enjoy the company and comfort of others – always ensure all the
dogs get on with each other before making this a permanent thing.  

Large dog day care facilities should
be avoided until the pup is old enough to cope with it otherwise you could be
swapping one type of anxiety for another.

ONE LAST THING ..

The answer to most things is time,
love and patience by the bucket load so enjoy every minute of your adventure
with your pup.

WHERE WE COME IN

Scamps and Champs Cardiff provide a
whole range of individually tailored pet care services.  

We can step in when you need to step out – providing support, company, feeding and cleaning, dog walking, puppy visits or visits to the vet and groomers – in fact anything your pup needs .

We can also provide day care for
your pup or young dog in carefully selected environments where they can
continue both their training and daily  routine.

Here in Cardiff we are open seven
days a week and cover bank holidays so why not give us a call?

Ring : 0333 200 5827

Or Email us at : cardiff@scampsandchamps.co.uk