Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkshire Terrier Breed - Scamps & Champs

Yorkshire terrier –most popular among the toy breeds in the UK and rightly so. Though this cute little toy breed has a small size, it possesses a big personality. Yorkies stay in most people’s hearts due to their love and devotion for their owners, their suitability for apartment living, and their elegant looks.

More about Yorkshire terriers

Yorkies look quite full of themselves, and rightly so. With its silky, long coat and a perky knot at the top, Yorkshire terriers are amongst the world’s most glamorous dogs. Wherever they go, they are the show-stealers and grab the attention of everyone.

History of the breed

The Yorkshire terrier was developed in England (Lancashire and Yorkshire) during the Victorian reign. It is thought that this breed descended from other terrier dogs like Dandies Dinmont terrier, tan and black Manchester, Maltese, and Clydesdale terrier, which is now extinct.

General features

  • The Yorkies are energetic, affectionate, and tomboyish dogs.
  • They have breed popularity of 10 out of 197 breeds according to AKC
  • Yorkies have a height of 7-8 inches and usually weigh 7 pounds.
  • Their life expectancy stands between 11 to 15 years of age.
  • Yorkies belong to the toy group of breeds.

The general body features of Yorkshire terrier, as explained by the Yorkshire terrier club of America, are as follows:

Generally, Yorkies have a long-haired coat having tan and blue colour. It appears part from the base of the skull, face, end of the tail, and it hangs straight down on either side of the body. Their bodies are well proportioned, compact, and neat.


The head is somewhat flat from the top and small in size. Muzzle and skull are not so long and prominent, respectively. They possess a black nose with medium-sized eyes that are not much prominent. They usually have a sharp, sparkling and intelligent impression in their eyes.


They have compact and well-proportioned bodies, with short backs and levelled backlines. Height at the shoulder and rump region are the same.


Tails are slightly at a higher level from the back and are docked at a medium length.


When we talk about the coat, its texture, quantity, and quality bear great importance. Their coat hair is glossy, silky, and fine in texture. The hair coat is dead straight and moderately long. It will be best to trim it to the floor level to ease movement and a neat appearance.


New-born puppies have a tan and black colour, intermingling tan hair in the black till they mature. When they become adults, their heads and legs become rich in tan colour.

Personality traits:

Self-assured and smart, the Yorkies make a combination of adventurous spirit with a small-sized body. There is variation in this breed’s personality from cuddly to perky to following the owners’ footsteps the whole day long. Some are outgoing, mischievous, and into everything.

Yorkies make great companions but watch out before spoiling them. They need training from a very young age when they are puppies. Early socialization of Yorkies is necessary as many other dogs. Make them greet other pets, sights, people, and experiences at an early age. Socialization turns them into all-rounder, friendly dogs.


Like other breeds, Yorkies are also prone to some ailments; but generally, they have good overall health.

If you will have a puppy, check for a reputable breeder and get one after having every clearance for health issues. By this certificate, you would know that your dog is tested negative for a particular health condition. Common problems in Yorkies are von Willebrand’s disease, hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and elbow dysplasia    Always insist on seeing the puppy’s Mum in the home.   Never agree to meet a breeder away from the home.

Other common health problems include the following:

  • Patellar Luxation
  • Progressive Renal atrophy
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Reverse sneezing
  • Collapsed trachea
  • Portosystemic shunt

Care of Yorkshire terrier

Yorkshire terriers are highly active dogs; high activity levels indoors fulfil their exercise needs. Generally, these cute little dogs are responsive to training and enjoy playing tricky games that involve obedience and agility. You need to train them at a very young age about toilet training.  Patience and consistency is key, never scold a puppy if they get it wrong and praise when they get it right.  If you train them well, you will end up having a well-mannered Yorkshire terrier.

They make lovely household pets with a little less tolerance to extreme weather conditions.


Divide their meal into two with a ½ to 3/4th cup of dry food daily. Remember, it mostly depends on your dog’s size, age, weight, and activity levels. Like humans, dogs do have particular needs of food depending on the previously explained factors. A couch potato dog will have a lesser need for food than a more extensive, highly active one. Make sure they do not become overweight as this is bad for their health. 

Small in size but Yorkie’s can be feisty and they make loving, loyal companions.

West Highland White Terrier

West Highland White Terrier

Westies “The West Highland White Terrier” is a breed of Scotland with distinct harsh white coat and soft undercoat. These have longer legs as compared to the other Scottish breeds of terrier. The fur coat fills out the dog’s face, giving it a rounded appearance. This particular breed is so intelligent, are quick learners and are easy to go with children but they can’t bear rough handling. This is a hypoallergic dog breed and was once used to hunt rodents. The Modern Westies are descended from a number of breeding programs in Scotland before the 20th century.

About the West Highland White Terrier:

The best way to describe Westies is that they are full of self-esteem and they know they’re the best thing around. Although these are purebred dogs, you may still find them in shelters and rescues. This modern small white Scottish terrier was given its modern name for the first time in 1908 with recognition by major kennel clubs occurring around the same time. Other related breeds include George Campbell and Dr Aweric Edwin Flaxman’s Pittenweem Terriers. Several specific and non-specific issues of the breed, including the condition in young dogs named westie jaw causes overgrowth of bone in the jaw of the dog. These dogs are also prone to skin disorders and to the breed-specific condition called hyperplastic dermatosis. They are energetic and needs regular exercise of around one hour per day.


They stand 10-11 inches at the shoulders with dark piercing eyes, compact body and carrot shaped tail wagging with delight and seems irresistible. They actually were bred to hunt the rats and rodents and are surprisingly strong and tough. Their coat is hard to touch but has a soft undercoat They exhibit traits of plucky and self-reliant ratting terrier and can have a tendency to chase cats, squirrels and badgers. Westies can be trained nicely with time and patience. It is thought that this breed of terrier is descended from the same ancestral stock as the other Scottish terriers the Dandie Dinmont, Scottish and cairn terriers. This particular breed probably originated at Poltalloch in the former country of Argyll, Scotland and were bred there for many years by the Malcolm family whose dogs appear to be traceable back to the times of King James I of England. They are fiesty in nature and very independent but also very friendly.

Usually they are bright, deep-set, have almond shaped eyes, which are dark in color. The members have typical weight between 15-20 pounds and their body is shorter than the height of the dog. They have a deep chest, muscular limbs, black nose and closely fitted jaw with scissors bite. For better grip they have slightly turned out paws which help them to climb on rocky surfaces. The foot pads are with pink marking that turn black with age. They have short, sturdy tail and due to the history of catching rodents, the tails were bred to be thick that a westie trapped in hole could be easily pulled out by the tail.


This particular breed was recorded as early as the reign of James VI of Scotland who resigned between 1567 and 1625. Thousands of Terriers were presented as a gift by the king to the Kingdom of France. White breeds were considered weak as compared to sandy and brindle colored breeds. In 1588 a report indicated that the ship from Spanish Armada was wrecked on the island of Skye which indicated that the ship was carrying white Spanish dogs whose descendants were distinct from other breeds by Clan Donald including the families of the chiefs. One of the family was the Clan Macleod and it was reported that at least two chiefs of this family kept white terriers. The most closely associated persons for the development of the modern breed of west highland white terrier is Edward Donald Malcolm, 16th Laird of Poltalloch. He used these terriers for work game and these were mistaken for a fox and shot. Malcom developed white terriers which were known as Poltalloch Terriers. The first generation was with sandy coats and prick ears and this trait was later seen in modern breeds. The term”West Highland White Terrier “ appeared in 1908 and was used by L. C. R. Cameron in Otters and Otter Hunting.

This breed is successful on both sides of the Atlantic. In the conformation shows, the first member to win a show championship was Ch. Morvan in the 1905 at age of seven months. Because this breed was not much recognized, the title was not retained when the dog was re-registered as west highland white terrier. The major win of this breed came in 1942 in the kennel club dog show when Constance Winant’s Ch. Won the title of best show. This breed’s popularity during the 20th century was such that the dogs were exchanged for hundreds of guineas. In 2010, The west highland white terriers were reported to be the third most popular breed of terrier in the UK with 5361 puppies registered with the kennel club. The breed’s position was stable being in the top three of all breeds since around 1960. In 2001, it was ranked as the 30th most popular breed based on the registered American kennel club breeds and varied around 30s in decades, it ranked 34th in 2010.

They are very loyal, lovable companions.